Year 2017, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 123 - 136 2017-04-24

Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production
Tarımsal Üretimde Yararlanılan Trichoderma Ürünleri ve Metabolitleri

EVRİM ÖZKALE [1]


Phytopathogenic agents cause considerable crop losses incurred by plant diseases worldwide. The most goverments in World, have started to implement legislative mandates in order to reduce the pesticide applications and dependency in agriculture and increase the environmental and consumers safety. By implementing integrated pest management [IPM], it is aimed to establish the necessary conditions to employ these practices. Trichoderma is among the best known and widely used fungal genera as biocontrol agent. Products of Trichoderma and itself, are promoted as bio-pesticide, bio-fungicide, bio-inoculant, bio-stimulant, bio-decomposer, bio-fertilizer, plant growth stimulator. Main mechanisms underlying its beneficial properties are; mycoparasitism, hyperparasitism, antibiosis, competition, cell wall lytic enzymes, enhancement of plant growth, acquisiton of soil nutrients, induction of plant defense responses. In this review, we focused on the Trichoderma and its secondary metabolites that are used in agriculture and their interactions between phytopathogens and plants.

Fitopatojenik ajanların sebep olduğu bitki hastalıklarıyla, önemli ölçüde ürün kayıpları meydana gelmektedir. Dünya üzerindeki birçok ülkede,  tarımda pestisit uygulamalarını ve bağımlılığını azaltacak, tüketici ve çevre güvenliğini arttıracak yasal yaptırımlar uygulanmaya başlamıştır. Yönetmelikler ile integre zararlı düzenlemesinin uygulamaya konulmasını teşvik edecek gerekli şartların oluşumuna ve aynı zamanda ticari ürünlerin güvenliğinin sağlanmasına da çalışılmaktadır. Trichoderma spp. mikrobiyal biyokontrol ajanı olarak en yaygın kullanılan ve çalışılan funguslar arasındadır. Trichoderma ürünleri, biyopestisit, biyofungusit, biyoinokulant, biyo-stimulant, biyodekompoze edici, biyofertilize edici ve bitki büyüme teşvikleyicileri olarak kullanılmaktadır. Yararlı etkileri için bitkilerle muamele edilmelerinin altında yatan başlıca mekanizmalar;  mikoparazitizm veya hiperparazitizm, antibiyozis, kompetisyon, hücre duvarlı litik enzim aktivitesi, bitki büyümesinin arttırılması, toprakta bulunan besin elementlerinin kazanımı ve bitki savunma cevaplarının indüklenmesi olarak sayılabilir. Bu derlemede, tarımsal üretimde yararlanılan Trichoderma türleri ve başlıca sekonder metabolitleri ile fungal patojenler veya bitkiler ile arasındaki interaksiyonlar üzerine odaklanılmıştır.

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Subjects Biology
Published Date July
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: EVRİM ÖZKALE
Institution: CELÂL BAYAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : April 24, 2017

Bibtex @review { ijsm265981, journal = {International Journal of Secondary Metabolite}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-6905}, address = {Prof. Dr. İzzet KARA}, publisher = {İzzet KARA}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, pages = {123 - 136}, doi = {10.21448/ijsm.265981}, title = {Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production}, key = {cite}, author = {ÖZKALE, EVRİM} }
APA ÖZKALE, E . (2017). Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite , 4 (2) , 123-136 . DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.265981
MLA ÖZKALE, E . "Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 4 (2017 ): 123-136 <http://ijsm.ijate.net/en/issue/27381/265981>
Chicago ÖZKALE, E . "Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 4 (2017 ): 123-136
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production AU - EVRİM ÖZKALE Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.265981 DO - 10.21448/ijsm.265981 T2 - International Journal of Secondary Metabolite JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 123 EP - 136 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2148-6905 M3 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.265981 UR - https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.265981 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Secondary Metabolite Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production %A EVRİM ÖZKALE %T Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production %D 2017 %J International Journal of Secondary Metabolite %P -2148-6905 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21448/ijsm.265981 %U 10.21448/ijsm.265981
ISNAD ÖZKALE, EVRİM . "Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 4 / 2 (April 2017): 123-136 . https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.265981
AMA ÖZKALE E . Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production. IJSM. 2017; 4(2): 123-136.
Vancouver ÖZKALE E . Trichoderma–based Products and Metabolites Used in Agricultural Production. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite. 2017; 4(2): 136-123.