Year 2017, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 148 - 161 2017-06-27

Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications

Şeyda KIVRAK [1] , Tolga GÖKTÜRK [2] , İbrahim KIVRAK [3]


In this study, the components of the volatile oil obtained from Laurus nobilis leaves by steam distillation were determined using Agilent 6890 Gas Chromatography (GC) - 5975 Mass Spectrometry (MS). The antioxidant activities of different extracts of L. nobilis leaves were determined by using DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging activity, β-carotene-linoleic acid bleaching assay and ABTS•+ (2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) cation radical decolorization assay. Determination of the total phenolic contents of L. nobilis leaf extracts were performed using the Folin-Ciocalteau procedure and total flavonoid contents were measured using a spectrophotometric assay. According to the GC/MS results, 1,8-cineole (46.16%), alpha-terpinyl acetate (10.62%), alpha-pinene (6.27%), terpinen-4-ol (5.07%) and sabinene (4.99%) were found to be the major compounds in volatile oil. The obtained volatile oil was used to make skin care lotion. Stability tests and organoleptic analyses of final product were performed after 1, 5, 30 and 90 days of production. The highest amounts of total flavonoid content were found to be 5.48 ± 0.65 and 8.60 ± 0.12 µg QEs/mg in ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts, respectively. The highest amounts of total phenolic compounds were found to be 54.42 ± 0.14 and 25.32 ± 0.10 µg PEs/mg in ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts, respectively. According to the results of ABTS•+, DPPH and β-carotene linoleic acid assays, ethyl acetate extract was found to be the most active extract (24.98±0.87 µg mL-1, 75.65±0.77 µg mL-1 and 19.32±1.04 µg mL-1). 

Laurus nobilis, Volatile oil, Antioxidant, Cosmetic, GC/MS
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Subjects Biology
Published Date July
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Şeyda KIVRAK
Institution: Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Univesity
Country: Turkey


Author: Tolga GÖKTÜRK
Institution: Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University
Country: Turkey


Author: İbrahim KIVRAK
Institution: Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : June 27, 2017

Bibtex @research article { ijsm323800, journal = {International Journal of Secondary Metabolite}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-6905}, address = {Prof. Dr. İzzet KARA}, publisher = {İzzet KARA}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, pages = {148 - 161}, doi = {10.21448/ijsm.323800}, title = {Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications}, key = {cite}, author = {KIVRAK, Şeyda and GÖKTÜRK, Tolga and KIVRAK, İbrahim} }
APA KIVRAK, Ş , GÖKTÜRK, T , KIVRAK, İ . (2017). Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite , 4 (2) , 148-161 . DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.323800
MLA KIVRAK, Ş , GÖKTÜRK, T , KIVRAK, İ . "Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 4 (2017 ): 148-161 <http://ijsm.ijate.net/en/issue/27381/323800>
Chicago KIVRAK, Ş , GÖKTÜRK, T , KIVRAK, İ . "Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 4 (2017 ): 148-161
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications AU - Şeyda KIVRAK , Tolga GÖKTÜRK , İbrahim KIVRAK Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.323800 DO - 10.21448/ijsm.323800 T2 - International Journal of Secondary Metabolite JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 148 EP - 161 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2148-6905 M3 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.323800 UR - https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.323800 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Secondary Metabolite Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications %A Şeyda KIVRAK , Tolga GÖKTÜRK , İbrahim KIVRAK %T Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications %D 2017 %J International Journal of Secondary Metabolite %P -2148-6905 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21448/ijsm.323800 %U 10.21448/ijsm.323800
ISNAD KIVRAK, Şeyda , GÖKTÜRK, Tolga , KIVRAK, İbrahim . "Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 4 / 2 (June 2017): 148-161 . https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.323800
AMA KIVRAK Ş , GÖKTÜRK T , KIVRAK İ . Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications. IJSM. 2017; 4(2): 148-161.
Vancouver KIVRAK Ş , GÖKTÜRK T , KIVRAK İ . Assessment of Volatile Oil Composition, Phenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Bay (Laurus nobilis) Leaf and Usage in Cosmetic Applications. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite. 2017; 4(2): 161-148.