Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 113 - 128 2019-08-07

Salt, Cold, and Drought Stress on Einkorn and Bread Wheat during Germination

Nusret Zencirci [1] , Hakan Ulukan [2] , Bülent Ordu [3] , Didem Aslan [4] , Hakan Tahiri Mutlu [5] , Mehmet Örgeç [6]

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Climate changes prompt salt, cold, and drought stresses especially during early crop growth stages. The damages during germination in wheat may even destroy whole crop. Here, 12 bread and 10 einkorn wheats entries were distressed under salt, cold and drought.  Germination rate and germination power, coleoptile, shoot length, root length, shoot to root length ratio, root fresh and dry weight and root fresh to dry weight ratio were quantified under six salt, cold, drought stresses and one control. After ANOVA and LSD discriminated the entries, stress tolerance indices differentiated six tolerant and six susceptible entries. MANOVA, Pillai’s Trace and Wilks’ Lambda tests finalized the stress testing. Shoot and root length, root fresh and dry weight highly differed under salt, cold and drought. Bayraktar-2000 well tolerated salt, drought, salt-drought and salt-cold-drought; Gerek-79 salt, salt-drought, salt-cold-drought; Momtchil salt, cold and salt-cold-drought; İkizce-96 salt, drought and salt-drought. Einkorn Population 14 was susceptible to all stresses except cold and salt-cold; Population 15 to salt, salt-drought and salt-cold-drought; Population 11 to salt, drought, salt-drought and salt-cold-drought. These stresses sharply decreased shoot and root length, root fresh and root dry weight. The higher % decreases under salt, cold and drought were in shoot (59.72, 63.25 and 23.17) and root length (32.91, 51.77 and 34.69), root fresh (44.32, 49.11 and 38.88) and root dry weight (21.63, 42.14 and 41.97). Moreover, Pillai’s trace and Wilks’ Lambda tests differentiated both characters and entries (P < 0.01). In conclusion, Momtchil, Gerek-79, Bayraktar-2000, Populations 5, 6, and 1 are well endorsed against triple seedling stresses.
Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Einkorn (T. monococcum ssp. monococcum), Cold, Drought, Salt
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Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Published Date June
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3460-7575
Author: Nusret Zencirci (Primary Author)
Institution: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi

Orcid: 0000-0003-0203-6851
Author: Hakan Ulukan
Institution: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi

Orcid: 0000-0002-3103-9325
Author: Bülent Ordu
Institution: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi

Orcid: 0000-0001-6747-2852
Author: Didem Aslan
Institution: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi

Orcid: 0000-0002-8964-2696
Author: Hakan Tahiri Mutlu
Institution: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi

Orcid: 0000-0002-9446-7538
Author: Mehmet Örgeç
Institution: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi

Bibtex @research article { ijsm543097, journal = {International Journal of Secondary Metabolite}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-6905}, address = {İzzet KARA}, year = {2019}, volume = {6}, pages = {113 - 128}, doi = {10.21448/ijsm.543097}, title = {Salt, Cold, and Drought Stress on Einkorn and Bread Wheat during Germination}, key = {cite}, author = {Zencirci, Nusret and Ulukan, Hakan and Ordu, Bülent and Aslan, Didem and Mutlu, Hakan Tahiri and Örgeç, Mehmet} }
APA Zencirci, N , Ulukan, H , Ordu, B , Aslan, D , Mutlu, H , Örgeç, M . (2019). Salt, Cold, and Drought Stress on Einkorn and Bread Wheat during Germination. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite, 6 (2), 113-128. DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.543097
MLA Zencirci, N , Ulukan, H , Ordu, B , Aslan, D , Mutlu, H , Örgeç, M . "Salt, Cold, and Drought Stress on Einkorn and Bread Wheat during Germination". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 6 (2019): 113-128 <http://ijsm.ijate.net/issue/44217/543097>
Chicago Zencirci, N , Ulukan, H , Ordu, B , Aslan, D , Mutlu, H , Örgeç, M . "Salt, Cold, and Drought Stress on Einkorn and Bread Wheat during Germination". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 6 (2019): 113-128
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Salt, Cold, and Drought Stress on Einkorn and Bread Wheat during Germination AU - Nusret Zencirci , Hakan Ulukan , Bülent Ordu , Didem Aslan , Hakan Tahiri Mutlu , Mehmet Örgeç Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.543097 DO - 10.21448/ijsm.543097 T2 - International Journal of Secondary Metabolite JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 113 EP - 128 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - -2148-6905 M3 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.543097 UR - https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.543097 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Secondary Metabolite Salt, Cold, and Drought Stress on Einkorn and Bread Wheat during Germination %A Nusret Zencirci , Hakan Ulukan , Bülent Ordu , Didem Aslan , Hakan Tahiri Mutlu , Mehmet Örgeç %T Salt, Cold, and Drought Stress on Einkorn and Bread Wheat during Germination %D 2019 %J International Journal of Secondary Metabolite %P -2148-6905 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21448/ijsm.543097 %U 10.21448/ijsm.543097
ISNAD Zencirci, Nusret , Ulukan, Hakan , Ordu, Bülent , Aslan, Didem , Mutlu, Hakan Tahiri , Örgeç, Mehmet . "Salt, Cold, and Drought Stress on Einkorn and Bread Wheat during Germination". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 6 / 2 (August 2019): 113-128. https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.543097